Impact of corporate social responsibility on bank performance in emerging markets

Mohsin Shabir*, Jiang Ping, Özcan Işik, Kamran Razzaq

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



This study investigates the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and financial performance of the banking sector from the prospective of emerging countries.


This study obtained balance sheet and income statement data for 173 banks in 20 emerging countries from the Bankscope database from 2005–2018. The CSR-related data were taken from the Thomson Reuters ASSET4 database. Moreover, macroeconomic controls such as GDP per capita, inflation, and financial development are attained from the GFDD. The series of institutional quality indices (Political Stability, Rule of Law, Control of Corruption, Government Effectiveness, and Regulatory Quality) is obtained from the WGI. At the same time, national culture and bank regulation are attained from Hofstede Insights and Barth et al. (2013). We used the panel fixed-effects model in our baseline estimations, while 2SLS and GMM were applied to control for endogeneity.


The finding shows that CSR activities significantly improve bank performance, but the effect varies across the bank. Only environmentally friendly activities have shown a significant positive relationship with banking performance for CSR dimensions. However, the social and government dimensions did not significantly affect bank performance. Moreover, a sound institutional and regulatory environment and national norms play an important role in the nexus of CSR activities and bank performance.


This study provides empirical evidence that sheds light on CSR and bank performance in an emerging market context.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Emerging Markets
Early online date14 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Mar 2024

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