Impact of dietary supplementation with resistant dextrin (NUTRIOSE®) on satiety, glycaemia, and related endpoints, in healthy adults

Mark R. Hobden, Daniel Commane*, Laetitia Guérin-Deremaux, Daniel Wils, Clementine Thabuis, Agustin Martin-Morales, Saskia Wolfram, Antonio Dìaz, Sineaid Collins, Ines Morais, Ian R. Rowland, Glenn R. Gibson, Orla B. Kennedy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Resistant dextrin (RD) supplementation has been shown to alter satiety, glycaemia, and body weight, in overweight Chinese men; however, there are limited data on its effects in other demographic groups. Here, we investigated the effects of RD on satiety in healthy adults living in the United Kingdom. Methods: 20 normal weight and 16 overweight adults completed this randomised controlled cross-over study. Either RD (14 g/day NUTRIOSE® FB06) or maltodextrin control was consumed in mid-morning and mid-afternoon preload beverages over a 28-day treatment period with crossover after a 28-day washout. During 10-h study visits (on days 1, 14, and 28 of each treatment period), satietogenic, glycaemic and anorectic hormonal responses to provided meals were assessed. Results: Chronic supplementation with RD was associated with higher fasted satiety scores at day 14 (P = 0.006) and day 28 (P = 0.040), compared to control. RD also increased satiety after the mid-morning intervention drink, but it was associated with a reduction in post-meal satiety following both the lunch and evening meals (P < 0.01). The glycaemic response to the mid-morning intervention drink (0–30 min) was attenuated following RD supplementation (P < 0.01). Whilst not a primary endpoint we also observed lower systolic blood pressure at day 14 (P = 0.035) and 28 (P = 0.030), compared to day 1, following RD supplementation in the normal weight group. Energy intake and anthropometrics were unaffected. Conclusions: RD supplementation modified satiety and glycaemic responses in this cohort, further studies are required to determine longer-term effects on body weight control and metabolic markers. Clinicaltrials.gov registration: CT02041975 (22/01/2014)

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Early online date25 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jun 2021

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