Importance of the linker region in matrix metalloproteinase-1 domain interactions

Warispreet Singh, Gregg Fields, Christo Christov, Tatyana Karabencheva-Christova

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10 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Collagenolysis is catalyzed by enzymes from the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family, where one of the most studied is MMP-1. The X-ray crystallographic structure of MMP-1 complexed with a collagen-model triple-helical peptide (THP) provided important atomistic information, but few details on the effects of the conformational flexibility on catalysis. In addition, the role of the linker region between the catalytic (CAT) and hemopexin-like (HPX) domains was not defined. In order to reveal the dynamics and correlations of MMP-1 comprehensive atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of an MMP-1$THP complex was performed. To examine the role of the linker region for MMP-1 function simulations with linker regions from MT1-MMP/MMP-14 and MMP-13 replacing the MMP-1 linker region were performed. The MD studies were in good agreement with the experimental observation that in the MMP-1$THP X-ray crystallographic structure MMP-1 is in a “closed” conformation. MD revealed that the interactions of the THP with the both the CAT and HPX domains of MMP-1 are dynamic in nature, and the linker region of MMP-1 influences the interactions and dynamics of both the CAT and HPX domains and collagen binding to MMP-1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23223-23232
JournalRSC Advances
Volume6
Issue number28
Early online date24 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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