Improving the performance of concrete using 3D fibres

Alan Richardson, Marcus Heather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)


This paper examines whether 3D fibre reinforcement can improve the toughness and flexural strength of concrete, when compared to equal dosage of straight steel fibres. This work was carried out to determine structural qualities that may lead to potential enhanced performance when concrete is subjected to a bomb blast and in addition the same structural qualities may act as a safety measure in earthquake situations. The majority of injuries caused from bomb attacks are a result of fragmented building components energised by the blast wave, therefore it is vital to reduce fragmentation of concrete. It is known that fibre reinforcement can reduce fragmentation of concrete by increasing energy absorption. A three point beam test was conducted on two batches of beams reinforced with straight steel and 3D fibres respectively, so that flexural strength and post crack toughness could be calculated and compared. A paired comparison test was carried out between the straight steel fibres and the 3D fibres. 3D and straight steel fibres were also embedded in cubes, so that pull out testing could be conducted and compared for the two fibre types. 3D fibre reinforced samples proved to have a higher flexural strength and post crack toughness than straight steel samples. 3D fibres also had a much higher pull out value. After testing, 3D fibres continued to span the rupture plane after initial crack formation during 3 point bend testing, which held together the concrete matrix. These findings suggest 3D fibre reinforced concrete would perform better as a blast protection material when compared to straight steel fibre reinforced concrete, as the results show 3D fibres produce tougher concrete that hold together fragments after loading.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-109
JournalProcedia Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
EventNUiCONE Conference: 3rd Nirma University International Conference on Engineering - Ahmedabad, India
Duration: 1 Dec 2012 → …


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