Mycobacterium tuberculosis PimB has been demonstrated to catalyze the addition of a mannose residue from GDP-mannose to a monoacylated phosphatidyl-myo-inositol mannoside (Ac1PIM1) to generate Ac1PIM2. Herein, we describe the disruption of its probable orthologue Cg-pimB and the chemical analysis of glycolipids and lipoglycans isolated from wild type Corynebacterium glutamicum and the C. glutamicum::pimB mutant. Following a careful analysis, two related glycolipids, Gl-A and Gl-X, were found in the parent strain, but Gl-X was absent from the mutant. The biosynthesis of Gl-X was restored in the mutant by complementation with either Cg-pimB or Mt-pimB. Subsequent chemical analyses established Gl-X as 1,2-di-O-C16/C18:1-(α-D-mannopyranosyl)-(1→4)-(α-D-glucopyranosyluronic acid)-(1→3)-glycerol (ManGlcAGroAc2) and Gl-A as the precursor, GlcAGroAc2. In addition, C. glutamicum::pimB was still able to produce Ac1PIM2, suggesting that Cg-PimB catalyzes the synthesis of ManGlcAGroAc2 from GlcAGroAc2. Isolation of lipoglycans from C. glutamicum led to the identification of two related lipoglycans. The larger lipoglycan possessed a lipoarabinomannan-like structure, whereas the smaller lipoglycan was similar to lipomannan (LM). The absence of ManGlcA-GroAc2 in C. glutamicum::pimB led to a severe reduction in LM. These results suggested that ManGlcAGroAc2 was further extended to an LM-like molecule. Complementation of C. glutamicum::pimB with Cg-pimB and Mt-pimB led to the restoration of LM biosynthesis. As a result, Cg-PimB, which we have assigned as MgtA, is now clearly defined as a GDP-mannose-dependent α-mannosyltransferase from our in vitro analyses and is involved in the biosynthesis of ManGlcAGroAc2.