Individually addressable recessed gold microelectrode arrays with monolayers of thio-cyclodextrin nanocavities

Georgy Grancharov, Ezat Khosravi, David Wood, Andrew Turton, Ritu Kataky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Four, individually addressable 30 mu m diameter, e-beam deposited, gold microelectrodes recessed by 6 mm were suitably spaced on a single substrate to avoid diffusional overlap between each microelectrode. The single substrate device was functionalised with thiolated alpha-, beta-, and gamma-cyclodextrin nanocavities without spacer groups to ensure close proximity of the cavities to the electrode surface. The microelectrodes were assessed in two stages. The e-beam deposited micron sized electrodes were characterized using models for recessed and inlaid microdisk electrodes. Subsequently, each individually addressable, atomically flat, micro-patterned gold electrode with thiolated CD ensembles was treated as a nanoporous electrode assembly. Theoretical and experimental results were compared using cyclic voltammetry. Atomic force microscopy was also used to characterise the modified microelectrodes. Comparisons were made with thiolated CDs deposited on macroelectrodes. This is the first report of the behaviour of immobilized CD nanocavities ensembles on atomically flat gold microelectrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1351-1357
Number of pages7
JournalThe Analyst
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005


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