Influence of peripheral arterial disease on daily living activities in elderly women

Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco, Luciana Diniz Nagem Janot de Mattos, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, Nelson Wolosker, Fábio Nasri, Maria Luiza Monteiro Costa, José Antônio Maluf de Carvalho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aging has been associated with decreases in physical and cognitive functions. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) has been associated with further impairments in these functions, especially in women. However, no detailed information is available indicating whether PAD leads to further impairment in these functions in elderly women. Thus, the aims of this study were 1) to compare the capacity to perform daily living activities between elderly women with and without PAD and 2) to identify the factors related with the performance in daily activities. Twenty-seven elderly women with PAD and 22 elderly non-PAD women were surveyed in a geriatric hospital. Women aged ≥65 years and with no signal of dementia were included. PAD was identified by the ankle-brachial index ≤0.90, whereas elderly non-PAD women presented ankle-brachial index >1.0. Patients were interviewed to obtain information regarding basic (Katz questionnaire) and instrumental daily living activities (Lawton-Brody scale) and performed the mini-mental state examination, handgrip strength test, and timed up and go tests. PAD and non-PAD women had similar age, clinical characteristics, handgrip strength test, and cognitive function (P > 0.05). The capacity to perform basic and instrumental daily living activities was similar between PAD and non-PAD women (P > 0.05). In PAD and non-PAD, the instrumental daily living activities were significantly correlated with cognitive function (r = 0.44, P < 0.05 and r = 0.74 and P < 0.05, respectively). PAD elderly women present similar capacity to perform basic and instrumental daily activities than non-PAD women. In addition, in both groups, the capacity to perform instrumental daily activities was related with cognitive function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vascular Nursing
Volume34
Issue number2
Early online date20 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

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