Inhibitors to the Adoption of Building Information Modelling in Modular Construction: A Case Study of the Nigerian Construction Industry

Imoleayo Abraham Awodele, Modupe Cecilia Mewomo*, Emmanuel Chidiebere Eze

*Corresponding author for this work

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Building information modelling (BIM) adoption is transforming the way construction projects are delivered. Modular construction (MC) is one of the modern construction methods that drive continuous improvement and value addition globally. BIM and Modular construction offer enormous benefits and potential in enhancing project delivery and attaining sustainable construction. This is a major driving force causing the drift from traditional methods to a more digitized approach anchored on technology. Despite these benefits and the level of sophistication in project delivery, the application of these innovative methodologies is still low and housing construction projects are delivered with poor performance outcomes in a developing country like Nigeria. This study assessed the inhibitors to the use of BIM in driving modular construction project delivery in Nigeria. It also explored the measures for improving the adoption of BIM in modular construction. The well-structured quantitative questionnaire administered to construction experts using Snowball sampling techniques via electronic means was used to collect data. With a response rate of 70%, a reliability index of above 0.80, the gathered data were analysed using frequencies, percentages and Mean Item Scores. It was found that the level of BIM and MC is high, but BIM adoption in MC is low. The inhibitors to this low adoption level are; the high cost of investment in hardware and software, comfortable with the existing method and resistance to change, lack of management support, BIM software complexity, stakeholders' lack of interest to share information, collaboration problems, and legal issues with multiple designs and fabrication. It was recommended that collaboration between construction and technology firms should be encouraged to improve BIM application in MC for better productivity and project outcome. The government should support the use of Modern methodologies in the delivery of projects to help improve infrastructure provision, value addition, and citizens’ well-being
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19–36
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Construction in Developing Countries
Issue number2
Early online date30 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

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