The aim of this study was to determine the effect of inspiratory loading on limb locomotor (LM) and respiratory muscle (RM) deoxygenation ([deoxy (Hb+Mb)]) using NIRS during constant-power cycling exercise. Sixteen, male cyclists completed three, 6-min trials. The intensity of the first 3-min of each trial was equivalent to ~80% V(O(2max)) (EX(80%)); during the final 3-min, subjects received an intervention consisting of either moderate inspiratory loading (Load(mod)), heavy inspiratory loading (Load(heavy)), or maximal exercise (Load(EX)). Load(heavy) significantly increased LM [deoxy(Hb+Mb)] from 12.2±9.0 μm during EX(80%) to 15.3±11.7 μm, and RM [deoxy(Hb+Mb)] from 5.9±3.6 μm to 9.5±6.6 μm. LM and RM [deoxy(Hb+Mb)] were significantly increased from EX(80%) to Load(EX); 12.8±9.1 μm to 16.4±10.3 μm and 5.9±2.9 μm to 11.0±6.4 μm, respectively. These data suggest an increase in respiratory muscle load increases muscle deoxy(Hb+Mb) and thus may indicate a reduction in oxygen delivery and/or increased oxygen extraction by the active muscles.