## Abstract

Reductions of the KP-Whitham system, namely the (2+1)-dimensional hydrodynamic system of five equations that describes the slow modulations of periodic solutions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation, are studied. Specifically, the soliton and harmonic wave limits of the KP-Whitham system are considered, which give rise in each case to a four-component (2+1)-dimensional hydrodynamic system. It is shown that a suitable change of dependent variables splits the resulting four-component systems into two parts: (i) a decoupled, independent two-component system comprised of the dispersionless KP equation, (ii) an auxiliary, two-component system coupled to the mean flow equations, which describes either the evolution of a linear wave or a soliton propagating on top of the mean flow. The integrability of both four-component systems is then demonstrated by applying the Haantjes tensor test as well as the method of hydrodynamic reductions. Various exact reductions of these systems are then presented that correspond to concrete physical scenarios.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 4114-4132 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Nonlinearity |

Volume | 33 |

Issue number | 8 |

Early online date | 3 Jul 2020 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Aug 2020 |

## Keywords

- hydrodynamic systems
- integrability
- Kadomtsev Petviashvili equation
- Whitham modulation theory