Integrating geospatial and ground geophysical information as guidelines for groundwater potential zones in hard rock terrains of south India

Mehnaz Rashid, M.A. Lone, S. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The increasing demand of water has brought tremendous pressure on groundwater resources in the regions were groundwater is prime source of water. The objective of this study was to explore groundwater potential zones in Maheshwaram watershed of Andhra Pradesh, India with semi-arid climatic condition and hard rock granitic terrain. GIS-based modelling was used to integrate remote sensing and geophysical data to delineate groundwater potential zones. In the present study, Indian Remote Sensing RESOURCESAT-1, Linear Imaging Self-Scanner (LISS-4) digital data, ASTER digital elevation model and vertical electrical sounding data along with other data sets were analysed to generate various thematic maps, viz., geomorphology, land use/land cover, geology, lineament density, soil, drainage density, slope, aquifer resistivity and aquifer thickness. Based on this integrated approach, the groundwater availability in the watershed was classified into four categories, viz. very good, good, moderate and poor. The results reveal that the modelling assessment method proposed in this study is an effective tool for deciphering groundwater potential zones for proper planning and management of groundwater resources in diverse hydrogeological terrains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4829–4839
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume184
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

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