Integration strategies and models to support transition and adaptation of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing staff into healthcare environments- an umbrella review

Suleiman Kamau, Miro Koskenranta, Heli Kuivila, Ashlee Oikarainen, Marco Tomietto, Jonna Juntunen, Anna‐Maria Tuomikoski, Kristina Mikkonen

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Abstract

Aims
The aim of this umbrella review was to establish recent evidence on integration strategies and models to support transition and adaptation of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing staff into healthcare environments.

Design
Umbrella review conducted according to joanna briggs institute guidelines.

Data sources
Data were collected from CINAHL, PubMed, Medic, ProQuest and Scopus electronic databases in 2021.

Review Methods
Two researchers simultaneously screened studies' eligibility by title, abstract and full text. Quality appraisal for the selected studies was assessed according to joanna briggs institute critical appraisal. Data were synthesized by conducting content analysis.

Results
Twenty-seven reviews were included in the final synthesis. Strategies and models for supporting the transition and adaptation of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing staff into healthcare environments were structured as intra-organizational, sociocultural, and professional development. Intra-organizational strategies and models were unique to a particular organization and included policies and support, diversity, collegial and peer support, employee treatment and workplace environment. Sociocultural strategies and models addressed social, cultural and group dynamics using cultural training, learning and support, social support and friendships, language and communication, and personal skills development. Professional development enhanced nursing competence, ability to practice and workplace professional development. This was supported through licensure and orientation to work, career and competence development, and workplace mentorship and preceptorship.

Conclusion
There is a need to understand culturally and linguistically diverse nurses' needs and motivation to integrate, which is essential toward developing efficient integrational strategies and models. Strategies and models also need to support cultural and personal competence development of native nurses to aid efficient integration of culturally and linguistically diverse colleagues. Future studies can evaluate nursing workforce shortages and their implications on integration process.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104377
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Early online date10 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Oct 2022

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