Investigation on the use of Artificial Neural Network Equalizer in Indoor Visible Light Communication Systems

Ezgi Ertunc, Othman Isam Younus, Ernesto Ciaramella, Zabih Ghassemlooy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In this paper, we investigate a non-line-of-sight visible light communication system with the artificial neural network (ANN)-based equalizer that uses the machine learning algorithm Levenberg-Marquardt (LM). We investigate the system performance in terms of the bit error rate for 2-, 4-, 8-, 16-, 32-of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) scheme using an ANN-based equalizer with 4, 5, 10, 17, and 20 hidden neurons that are optimized. The signal to noise ratio (SNR) penalties are below 10 dB at a bit error rate of 10−4, which is below the 7% forward error correction limit of 3.8×10−3. We also compare the LM algorithm over Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno) quasi-newton, resilient backpropagation, and gradient descent backpropagation. LM offers the best result with a 7 dB SNR penalty at a BER of 2×10−4. Lastly, a 1 Mbit/s 4-PAM lin with an ANN-based equalizer with 5 hidden neurons is demonstrated over transmission distances of 1, 3, and 6 m is performed, with the lowest SNR penalty of 0.5 dB for the 1 m link.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 13th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP)
ISBN (Electronic)9781665410441
ISBN (Print)9781665410458
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2022

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