IoT-enabled gait assessment: The next step for habitual monitoring

Fraser Young, Rachel Mason, Rosie Morris, Sam Stuart, Alan Godfrey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)


Walking/gait quality is a useful clinical tool to assess general health and is now broadly described as the sixth vital sign. This has been mediated by advances in sensing technology, including in-strumented walkways and three-dimensional motion capture. However, it is wearable technology innovation that has spawned the highest growth in instrumented gait assessment due to the ca-pabilities for monitoring within and beyond the laboratory. Specifically, instrumented gait assessment with wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs) has provided more readily deployable devices for use in any environment. Contemporary IMU-based gait assessment research has shown evidence of the robust quantifying of important clinical gait outcomes in, e.g., neurological dis-orders to gather more insightful habitual data in the home and community, given the relatively low cost and portability of IMUs. The aim of this narrative review is to describe the ongoing research regarding the need to move gait assessment out of bespoke settings into habitual environments and to consider the shortcomings and inefficiencies that are common within the field. Accordingly, we broadly explore how the Internet of Things (IoT) could better enable routine gait assessment beyond bespoke settings. As IMU-based wearables and algorithms mature in their corroboration with alternate technologies, such as computer vision, edge computing, and pose estimation, the role of IoT communication will enable new opportunities for remote gait assessment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4100
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2023

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