Jatropha Curcas Biodiesel: A Lucrative Recipe for Pakistan’s Energy Sector

Haseeb Yaqoob, Yew Heng Teoh*, Farooq Sher*, Muhammad Umair Ashraf, Sana Amjad, Muhammad Ahmad Jamil, Muhammad Musaddiq Jamil, M. A. Mujtaba

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


One of the greatest challenges of the 21st century is to fulfill the growing energy needs sustainably and cost-effectively. Among the different sources of energy, biodiesel is one of the alternative energy sources that has tremendous potential to become a major mainstream renewable energy mix. Jatropha is an important raw input for biodiesel that provides an ecological and sustainable solution for emerging greenhouse gas emissions over the other biomass feedstock. This paper critically evaluates different factors and presents a SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) and barriers to the adoption of Jatropha biodiesel. In Pakistan, the estimated production of Jatropha biodiesel is expected to be 2.93 million tons, that are calculated from available barren land and possible shortlisted suitable areas for Jatropha plantation. It is ~25% of the total import (11.84 million tons) of petroleum products, which can save ~$2 billion USD reserves of Pakistan. The cultivation of Jatropha on barren land is an environmentally and economically lucrative approach for Pakistan. This study has real implications for developing a policy framework related to the environment and socio-economic feasibility of Jatropha biodiesel production in Pakistan.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1129
Number of pages37
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2021


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