Social scientists of conservation typically address sources of legitimacy of conservation policies in relation to local communities' or indigenous land rights, highlighting social inequality and environmental injustice. This chapter reflects on the underlying ethics of environmental justice in order to differentiate between various motivations of conservation and its critique. Conservation is discussed against the backdrop of two main ethical standpoints: preservation of natural resources for human use and protection of nature for its own sake. These motivations will be examined highlighting mainstream conservation and alternative deep ecology environmentalism. Based on this examination, this chapter untangles concerns with social and ecological justice in order to determine how environmental and human values overlap, conflict, and where the opportunity for reconciliation lies, building bridges between supporters of social justice and conservation.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Engaged Sustainability|
|Editors||Satinder Dhiman, Joan Marques|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Jun 2018|