The interaction between mAb A16 and glycoprotein D (gD) of herpes simplex virus type 1 was analyzed by studying the kinetics of binding with a surface-plasmon-resonance biosensor. mAb A16 belongs to group VII antibodies, which recognize residues 11-19 of gD. In a previous study,three critical residues, Asp13, Arg16 and Phe17, of this epitope were identified by screening a phage display library that contained a random 15-amino-acid insert with the antibody. The contribution to binding of these residues in the motif DXXRF was further analyzed by an amino-acid-replacement study of the epitope gD-(9-19)-peptide and of a gD-(9-19)-peptide mimotope, previously obtained by screening the phage display library. Amino acid residues of the motif were replaced by a neutral amino acid residue, an amino acid residue with opposite charge and a corresponding D-amino acid residue. Kinetic parameters of peptide analogues were determined with a surface plasmon-resonance biosensor. The kinetic parameters of the peptide analogues were compared with the kinetic parameters of the interaction between mAb A16 and the epitope gD-(9-19)-peptide. The minimal size of the go epitope for mAb A16 was also determined in this study. The kinetic constants of the resulting gD-(11-17)-peptide were found to be similar to those of entire go. The kinetic analysis precisely defined the epitope on go for mAb A16 to residues 11-17, identified Arg16 as an essential residue and suggested that Asp13 and Phe17 are mainly involved in stabilization of the secondary structure of the peptide.