Knowledge of physical activity, physical activity level and waist-to-hip ratio in adults with diabetes in a Ghanaian municipality

Adjoa N. Banson*, Belinda A. Boateng, Ulric S. Abonie, Yao A. Mensah, Cosmos Yarfi, Woyram A. Kofi-Bediako, Mary W. Agoriwo, Veronica O. A. Salia

*Corresponding author for this work

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Objectives: To investigate the knowledge about physical activity, physical activity levels and waist-to-hip ratio among persons living with diabetes in the Ho Municipality.
Design: Cross-sectional observation study.
Setting: The researcher collected data from two diabetes clinics in the Ho Municipality of Ghana.
Participants: Consenting persons living with diabetes who attended the diabetes clinics.
Main outcome measures: Participants’ waist-to-hip ratio, knowledge of the physical activity and level of activity according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire.
Results: There were 106 participants, and the modal age was 60 years or older (50.94% (n= 54)). Of the total, 62.3% (n = 66) were women, and the mean knowledge level was 12.7±1.58 (range: 0-17). Mean waist-to-hip ratio was 0.92 ± 0.10) with 25.5% (n = 27) men and 48.1% (n = 51) women recording abnormally increased waist-to-hip ratios. Additionally, 44% of participants engaged in low physical activity levels, whereas 10% participated in high levels. There were no significant associations between physical activity levels and waist-to-hip ratios (r = 0.176, p=0.071).
Conclusion: Persons with diabetes in the Ho Municipality mostly engaged in low and moderate physical activity levels and had abnormally increased waist-to-hip ratios suggesting abdominal obesity. Knowledge of physical activity may be associated with physical activity performance and waist-to-hip ratio, bearing an inverse association with physical activity levels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-121
Number of pages10
JournalGhana Medical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

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