This paper presents the next steps forward for a large-scale deployment of public charging infrastructure after the first round of infrastructure was mainly funded by gopvernment agencies over thje last 3-5 years. In order to create a sustainable and market-driven public charging network, governments are increasingly looking for strategies to support the next generation of public charging infrastructure with creative financing machanisms and limited public funding. The primary goal is to review and analyze the different models that are currently being tested in early adopter markets such as Norway, the Netherlands, California, and the United States. This paper describes the challenges and opportunities in these early markets, identifies six different (iunternational) models for investing into public charging infrastructure and describes their individuals advantages and disadvantages. By applying these models to California, a state that is actively involved in public policy development and introduction of electric vehicles, this paper identifies preferred financing models applying three different scenarios. The research provides insights into international comparison into deployment of public charging infrastructure and possible financial models. Based on a case study, the various advantages and disadvantages of these models are exemplified. Finally, suggestions are made for further research and modeling.
|Title of host publication||E-Mobility in Europe: Trends and Good Practice|
|Editors||Walter Leal Filho, Richard Kotter|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publication status||Published - May 2015|
|Name||Green Energy and Technology|