Laser power and scanning speed influence on intermetallic and wear behaviour of Laser metal deposited titanium alloy composite

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Ti6AI4V, an aerospace alloy, is the most widely produced titanium alloy because of its exciting properties such as high strength to weight ratio and excellent corrosion resistance properties. Despite these properties of this titanium alloy, the wear property is poor because of its chemical property that makes it react with other material it comes in contact with. Therefore, there is need for surface modification of the titanium alloy if it will be used in application where it will come in contact will other material in rubbing or sliding action. TiC has been used to improve the wear resistance property of titanium alloy with success. Laser metal deposition (LMD) process, an additive manufacturing process, is an advanced manufacturing process for achieving part with the desired surface property as well as for producing complex part directly from the three dimensional (3D) computer aided design (CAD) model of the part. Processing parameter has a great influence on the resulting properties of the deposited part using LMD. This research investigates the influence of laser power and scanning speed on the in-situ formation of titanium aluminide (Ti3Al) during laser metal deposition of TiC/Ti6AI4V composite and its overall effect on the wear resistance behaviour of the deposited composites. The laser power was changed between 1.8 and 3.0 kW and the scanning speed was changed between 0.05 and 0.1 m/s. It was found that, the intermetallic produced increased as the scanning speed was reduced from 0.1 to 0.05 m/s. The intermetallic formed at low scanning speed was found to decrease as the laser power was increased from 1.8 to 3.0 kW, while it was found to increase as the laser power was increased at higher scanning speed. The wear resistance property increases as the intermetallic formation increases. This study revealed that finding an optimum process parameter is important in achieving better properties in laser metal deposition of TiC/Ti6A14V composite. The optimum process parameter was found to be at laser power of 1.8 kW and scanning speed of 0.05 m/s based on the process parameters considered in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016
EditorsWarren S. Grundfest, Craig Douglas, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404824
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2016 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 19 Oct 201621 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science
ISSN (Print)2078-0958
ISSN (Electronic)2078-0966


Conference2016 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco

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