Low-Complexity Charging/Discharging Scheduling for Electric Vehicles at Home and Common Lots for Smart Households Prosumers

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Abstract

Plug-in electric vehicles are becoming one of indispensable prosumer electronics components for smart households and therefore, their cost efficient energy scheduling is one of the main challenging issues. In the current schemas, the charging and discharging interval of the vehicles are normally announced by the owners in advance leading to the suboptimal profit gain in some situations and hence consumers dissatisfaction. In this paper, we propose an efficient charging/discharging scheduling mechanism for electric vehicles in multiple homes common parking lot for smart households prosumers. The proposed mechanism takes into account the optimal interval allocation considering the instantaneous electricity load and the vehicles request pattern. Based on the data from the vehicles, a mixed optimization model is formulated by the central scheduler which aims to maximize the profit of consumers and is then solved using an effective algorithm. The optimization results are then sent to the system controller determining the interval and energy trading patterns between the power grid and the vehicles. The proposed algorithm has low complexity and ensures the energy satisfaction for all consumers. The performance of the scheduling schema is verified through multiple simulation scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-355
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
Volume64
Issue number3
Early online date9 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

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