Background/aim: In order to actualize an efficient lung transplantation program, it is necessary to determine priorities and set up strategies. This study aimed to estimate the present situation in Turkey by determining the level of interest and knowledge of pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons regarding lung transplantation. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was prepared to establish the level of interest and knowledge of physicians on lung transplantation. It was sent to 2131 pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons, and 130 physicians completed the questionnaire. Results: Of the 130 physicians who responded, 42 were thoracic surgeons and 88 were pulmonologists. There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding the availability of lung transplantation at their hospitals. The rates of correct answers to the questions and responses supporting the transplant initiative were higher in the thoracic surgeon group than in the pulmonologist group. Conclusion: The establishment of a successful system for lung transplantation in Turkey requires an increase in interest, knowledge, and dedication of physicians, coupled with adequate and continuous training. There also needs to be sufficient equipment and financing in addition to disciplined multidisciplinary teams and cooperation. This survey shows there is still much work to be done to achieve success in lung transplantation in Turkey.