Machine Learning for Estimation of Building Energy Consumption and Performance: A Review

Saleh Seyedzadeh, Farzad Pour Rahimian Leilabadi, Ivan Glesk, Marc Roper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

280 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)


Ever growing population and progressive municipal business demands for constructing new buildings are known as the foremost contributor to greenhouse gasses. Therefore, improvement of energy efficiency of the building sector has become an essential target to reduce the amount of gas emission as well as fossil fuel consumption. One most effective approach to reducing CO2 emission and energy consumption with regards to new buildings is to consider energy efficiency at a very early design stage. On the other hand, efficient energy management and smart refurbishments can enhance energy performance of the existing stock. All these solutions entail accurate energy prediction for optimal decision making. In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) in general and machine learning (ML) techniques in specific terms have been proposed for forecasting of building energy consumption and performance. This paper provides a substantial review on the four main ML approaches including artificial neural network, support vector machine, Gaussian-based regressions and clustering, which have commonly been applied in forecasting and improving building energy performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5
JournalVisualization in Engineering
Early online date2 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


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