Major histocompatibility complex class I-ERp57-tapasin interactions within the peptide-loading complex

Susana G Santos, Elaine C Campbell, Sarah Lynch, Vincent Wong, Antony N Antoniou, Simon J Powis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


The endoplasmic reticulum-located multimolecular peptide-loading complex functions to load optimal peptides onto major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules for presentation to CD8(+) T lymphocytes. Two oxidoreductases, ERp57 and protein-disulfide isomerase, are known to be components of the peptide-loading complex. Within the peptide-loading complex ERp57 is normally found disulfide-linked to tapasin, through one of its two thioredoxin-like redox motifs. We describe here a novel trimeric complex that disulfide links together MHC class I heavy chain, ERp57 and tapasin, and that is found in association with the transporter associated with antigen processing peptide transporter. The trimeric complex normally represents a small subset of the total ERp57-tapasin pool but can be significantly increased by altering intracellular oxidizing conditions. Direct mutation of a conserved structural cysteine residue implicates an interaction between ERp57 and the MHC class I peptide-binding groove. Taken together, our studies demonstrate for the first time that ERp57 directly interacts with MHC class I molecules within the peptide-loading complex and suggest that ERp57 and protein-disulfide isomerase act in concert to regulate the redox status of MHC class I during antigen presentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17587-93
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2007


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