This paper proposes a guidance scheme to achieve an autonomous precision landing on Mars and proposes a practical fixed-time stabilization theorem to analyze the robustness of the guidance. The proposed guidance is mainly based on the fixed-time stabilization method, and it can achieve the precision landing within a pre-defined time. This property enables the proposed guidance to outperform the finite-time stabilization technique which cannot handle uncertainties well and whose convergence time is dependent on initial states. Compared with the existing fixed-time stabilization theorem, the proposed practical fixed-time stabilization theorem can achieve a shorter convergence time and cope with unknown disturbances. When the Mars landing guidance is designed by this proposed theorem, the upper bound of the landing time and the maximum landing error subject to unknown disturbances can be calculated in advance. Theoretical proofs and Monte Carlo simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed theorem and the proposed guidance. Furthermore, the efficacy of the proposed guidance with thrust limitations is also demonstrated by testing of 50 cases with a range of initial positions and velocities.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
|Early online date
|9 Nov 2018
|Published - Aug 2019