Measuring the Magnetic-Field Strength of the Quiet Solar Corona Using “EIT Waves”

D. M. Long, David R. Williams, Stephane Regnier, Louise Harra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Variations in the propagation of globally propagating disturbances (commonly called “EIT waves”) through the low solar corona offer a unique opportunity to probe the plasma parameters of the solar atmosphere. Here, high-cadence observations of two “EIT wave” events taken using the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) are combined with spectroscopic measurements from the Extreme ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) onboard the Hinode spacecraft and used to examine the variability of the quiet coronal magnetic-field strength. The combination of pulse kinematics from SDO/AIA and plasma density from Hinode/EIS is used to show that the magnetic-field strength is in the range ≈ 2 – 6 G in the quiet corona. The magnetic-field estimates are then used to determine the height of the pulse, allowing a direct comparison with theoretical values obtained from magnetic-field measurements from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard SDO using global-scale PFSS and local-scale extrapolations. While local-scale extrapolations predict heights inconsistent with prior measurements, the agreement between observations and the PFSS model indicates that “EIT waves” are a global phenomenon influenced by global-scale magnetic field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-583
JournalSolar Physics
Issue number2
Early online date10 Jul 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


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