Mechanism of wave breaking from a vacuum point in the defocusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation

Antonio Moro, Stefano Trillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We study the wave breaking mechanism for the weakly dispersive defocusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation with a constant phase dark initial datum that contains a vacuum point at the origin. We prove by means of the exact solution to the initial value problem that, in the dispersionless limit, the vacuum point is preserved by the dynamics until breaking occurs at a finite critical time. In particular, both Riemann invariants experience a simultaneous breaking at the origin. Although the initial vacuum point is no longer preserved in the presence of a finite dispersion, the critical behavior manifests itself through an abrupt transition occurring around the breaking time.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023202
JournalPhysical Review E (PRE)
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2014

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