MEDB-14. Clinical outcome of pediatric medulloblastoma patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome

Anna Kolodziejczak, Lea Guerrini-Rousseau, Julien Masliah Planchon, Jonas Ecker, Florian Selt, Martin Mynarek, Denise Obrecht, Martin Sill, Steffen Hirsch, Dominik Sturm, Sebastian M Waszak, Vijay Ramaswamy, Virve Pentikainen, Haci Ahmet Demir, Steven C Clifford, Ed Schwalbe, Luca Massimi, Matija Snuderl, Kristyn Galbraith, Matthias A KarajannisKatie Hill, Bryan Li, Christine L White, Shelagh Redmond, Loizou Loizos, Marcus Jakob, Uwe Kordes, Irene Schmid, Julia Hauer, Claudia Blattmann, Maria Filippidou, Wolfram Scheurlen, Udo Kontny, Kerstin Grund, Christian Sutter, Torsten Pietsch, Cornelis M van Tilburg, Stephan Frank, Denis M Schewe, David Malkin, Michael D Taylor, Uri Tabori, Eric Bouffet, Marcel Kool, Felix Sahm, Andreas von Deimling, Andrey Korshunov, Katja Von Hoff, Christian Kratz, David T W Jones, Stefan Rutkowski, Olaf Witt, Gaelle Bougeard, Kristian W Pajtler, Stefan M Pfister, Franck Bourdeaut, Till Milde

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The prognosis for SHH-medulloblastoma (MB) patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is poor. Due to lack of comprehensive data for these patients, it is challenging to establish effective therapeutic recommendations. We here describe the largest retrospective cohort of pediatric LFS SHH-MB patients to date and their clinical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: N=31 patients with LFS SHH-MB were included in this retrospective multicenter study. TP53 variant type, clinical parameters including treatment modalities, event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS), as well as recurrence patterns and incidence of secondary neoplasms, were evaluated. RESULTS: All LFS-MBs were classified as SHH subgroup, in 30/31 cases based on DNA methylation analysis. The majority of constitutional TP53 variants (72%) represented missense variants, and all except two truncating variants were located within the DNA-binding domain. 54% were large cell anaplastic, 69% gross totally resected and 81% had M0 status. The 2-(y)ear and 5-(y)ear EFS were 26% and 8,8%, respectively, and 2y- and 5y-OS 40% and 12%. Patients who received post-operative radiotherapy (RT) followed by chemotherapy (CT) showed significantly better outcomes (2y-EFS:43%) compared to patients who received CT before RT (30%) (p<0.05). The 2y-EFS and 2y-OS were similar when treated with protocols including high-dose chemotherapy (EFS:22%, OS:44%) compared to patients treated with maintenance-type chemotherapy (EFS:31%, OS:45%). Recurrence occurred in 73.3% of cases independent of resection or M-status, typically within the radiation field (75% of RT-treated patients). Secondary malignancies developed in 12.5% and were cause of death in all affected patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with LFS-MBs have a dismal prognosis. This retrospective study suggests that upfront RT may increase EFS, while intensive therapeutic approaches including high-dose chemotherapy did not translate into increased survival of this patient group. To improve outcomes of LFS-MB patients, prospective collection of clinical data and development of treatment guidelines are required.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)i107-i107
Number of pages1
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume24
Issue numberSupplement_1
Early online date3 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2022
Event20th International Symposium on Pediatric Neuro-Oncology - Congress Center, Hamburg, Germany
Duration: 12 Jun 202215 Jun 2022
https://www.ispno2022.de/

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