Micro-mechanics of nanostructured carbon/shape memory polymer hybrid thin film

Ming Lei, Ben Xu, Yu Tao Pei, Haibao Lu, Yong Qing Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper investigates mechanics of hybrid shape memory polymer polystrene (PS) based nanocomposites with skeleton structures of CNFs/MWCNTs formed inside. Experimental results showed an increase of glass transition temperature (Tg) with CNF/MWCNT concentrations instead of a decrease of Tg in nanocomposites filled by spherical particles, and an increase in mechanical properties on both macro- and small mu m- scales. Compared with CNFs{,} MWCNTs showed a better mechanical enhancement for PS nanocomposite due to their uniform distribution in the nanocomposites. In nanoindentation tests using the Berkovich tips{,} indentation size effects and pile-up effects appeared obviously for the nanocomposites{,} but not for the pure PS. Experimental results revealed the enhancement mechanisms of CNFs/MWCNTs related to the secondary structures formed by nanofillers{,} including two aspects{,} i.e.{,} filler-polymer interfacial connections and geometrical factors of nanofillers. The filler-polymer interfacial connections were strongly dependent on temperature{,} thus leading the oppsite changing trend of loss tangent with nanofiller concentrations respectively at low and high temperature. The geometrical factors of nanofillers was related to testing scles{,} further leading to the appearance of pile-up effects for nanocomposites in the nanoindentation tests{,} in which the size of indents was close to the size of the nanofiller skeleton.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-114
JournalSoft Matter
Volume12
Early online date1 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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