We formulate microfluidic design principles for electrospray ionization sources based on a rectangular capillary slot formed by two triangular cantilevers. Spontaneous imbibition of the test liquids into the slot by capillary action provides a robust mechanism for liquid transport from a reservoir to the cantilever tip where an electrospray is generated upon application of a voltage. The correct functioning of the source requires the liquid bridging the slot to have a negative Laplace pressure. Imbibition is controlled by the ratio of slot width to height w∕h and the intrinsic contact angles θw, θs of the liquid with the slot walls and the cantilever faces, respectively. Based on these parameters we derive a simple criterion for the complete filling of the slot.
|Journal||Applied Physics Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 13 Sep 2004|