Micromirror structure actuated by TiNi shape memory thin films

Yong Qing Fu, Jikui Luo, Min Hu, Hejun Du, Andrew Flewitt, William Milne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


TiNi films were deposited by co-sputtering TiNi and Ti targets. Results from differential scanning calorimetry and curvature measurement revealed martensitic transformation and shape memory effect upon heating and cooling. Two types of TiNi/Si micromirror structures with a Si mirror cap (40 µm thick) and TiNi/Si actuation beams were designed and fabricated. For the first design, a V-shaped cantilever based on the TiNi/Si bimorph structure was used as the actuation mechanism for the micromirror. In the second design, three elbow-shaped Si beams with TiNi electrodes were used as the arms to actuate the mirror. The TiNi/Si microbeams were flat at room temperature and bent up by applying voltage in the TiNi electrodes (due to phase transformation and shape memory effect), thus causing changes in angles of the micromirror.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1872-1877
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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