Mitochondrial pathways in human health and aging

Rebecca Bornstein, Brenda Gonzalez, Simon C Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mitochondria are eukaryotic organelles known best for their roles in energy production and metabolism. While often thought of as simply the 'powerhouse of the cell,' these organelles participate in a variety of critical cellular processes including reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, regulation of programmed cell death, modulation of inter- and intracellular nutrient signaling pathways, and maintenance of cellular proteostasis. Disrupted mitochondrial function is a hallmark of eukaryotic aging, and mitochondrial dysfunction has been reported to play a role in many aging-related diseases. While mitochondria are major players in human diseases, significant questions remain regarding their precise mechanistic role. In this review, we detail mechanisms by which mitochondrial dysfunction participate in disease and aging based on findings from model organisms and human genetics studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-84
Number of pages13
JournalMitochondrion
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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