Modeling of cool roof heat transfer in tropical climate

Kishor T. Zingre, Man Pun Wan*, Shanshan Tong, Hua Li, Victor W.C. Chang, Swee Khian Wong, Winston Boo Thian Toh, Irene Yen Leng Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


Cool roof is gaining popularity as a passive building energy saving solution. A concise and easy-to-apply mathematical model is essential for building designers to evaluate the impact of cool coating on heat transfer and indoor thermal comfort. A novel cool roof heat transfer (CRHT) model was developed using the spectral approximation method. The CRHT model was verified against the conduction transfer function method and was validated against experiments performed in two identically configured apartments with concrete roofs in Singapore. The model predictions show that on a sunny day, a cool coating (solar reflectance of 0.74) reduces the peak roof temperature, indoor air temperature and daily heat gain by up to 14.1°C, 2.4°C and 0.66kWh/m2 (or 54%), respectively through the concrete roof. The model predictions match with experimental measurements with reasonable accuracy. Further model predictions suggested that significant daily heat gain reduction can also be achieved by cool coating on galvanized steel (metal) roofs. The daily heat gain reduction brought by the cool coating drops as the roof exposes to higher wind speeds. The proposed CRHT model largely simplifies the calculation of heat transfer of cool roofs, compared to existing methods, and is generally applicable to opaque solid surfaces (roofs and walls).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-223
Number of pages14
JournalRenewable Energy
Early online date17 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


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