Modeling the effects of frazil ice crystals on the dynamics and thermodynamics of Ice Shelf Water plumes

A. Jenkins, A. Bombosch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seawater that comes into contact with the base of a floating ice shelf is modified as a result of the phase changes that occur. Melting is prevalent in the deepest parts of the subice cavity, and this drives a buoyant flow of Ice Shelf Water (ISW) along the sloping ice shelf base. The ascent of the ISW toward the surface of the ocean causes supercooling, because the freezing point rises with the falling pressure, and this induces a change from melting to freezing. Assuming that seed crystals exist, the ISW now fulfills the condition for the rapid growth of disc-shaped frazil ice crystals, which may subsequently settle (upward) out of suspension under the action of gravity. A simple numerical model of these processes has been developed, based on the theory of inclined plumes. Acceleration of the plume induces more rapid crystal growth, while a deceleration allows suspended crystals to settle out more easily. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6967-6981
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume100
Issue numberC4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

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