Modelling and design of hierarchical fibre-graphene nanoplatelets reinforced elasto-viscoplastic polymer matrix composites to improve crashworthiness and energy absorption

Ahmed Elmasry*, Wiyao Azoti, Ahmed Elmarakbi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
48 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Today, light-weighting for energy efficiency without sacrificing safety and performance attributes has become a primary focus in the automotive industry. In the field of modelling graphene nanocomposites' structural applications under severe loading conditions, literature is limited. In addition, the existing work only employs the so-called one-site (OS) modelling. This study develops an approach to study 3-phases hierarchical fibres/graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)-reinforced polymer matrix composites utilising OS modelling and what is known as multi-site (MS) modelling. The MS modelling accounts for material anisotropy considering the interaction between neighbouring inclusions. Applicability of both models is then assessed for automotive components' crashworthiness response under combined mechanical and rate-dependent plasticity or viscoplasticity behaviours. A coherent micromechanical design is employed with elastic platelets and elasto-viscoplastic matrix assumptions. The micromechanics modelling combines rate-dependent constitutive laws and thermomechanical properties for the nonlinear response of composite materials. The heterogeneous material problem is resolved in the first instance for a thermoelastic case. The thermomechanical kinematic integral equation is used to derive the strain concentration tensor. Using the generalised Mori–Tanaka (GMT) homogenisation scheme, effective thermomechanical properties are obtained. For the nonlinear behaviour, a linearisation of the classical J2 rate-dependent model is considered with an isotropic hardening. Based on an implicit integration scheme, a consistent tangent modulus is obtained and serves as a uniform modulus for homogenisation of the rate-dependent thermomechanical composite material. An application is therefore performed on a short glass -fibres/graphene nanoplatelet/ Polyamide-Nylon 6 (GNP/PA6) composite. The current study's archival value is to provide an auspicious approach for a consistent design and application of this category of materials for automotive structural components.
Original languageEnglish
Article number116705
Number of pages19
JournalComposite Structures
Volume310
Early online date20 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2023

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