Modelling of hybrid biocomposites for automotive structural applications

Ahmed Elmasry*, Wiyao Azoti, Engy Ghoniem, Ahmed Elmarakbi

*Corresponding author for this work

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The demand for environmentally friendly materials is at its peak, and government legislations have become stricter and no longer tolerate violations. With biocomposites emerging as structural components instead of being hidden as non-structural applications and interiors, the automotive and motorsport sector started considering them for structural body parts. Natural fibres abundance, commercial availability, renewability, low density, low cost, and high tensile strength make biocomposite materials excellent candidates for eco-friendly vehicles. Several studies reported the utilisation of biocomposites as high-performance components and structural applications. However, current computer-aided engineering and modelling tools are insufficient to explore the vast field of possibilities during biocomposite materials selection to accurately predict the components' behaviour and analyses. Therefore, this study focuses on creating a material model to predict the behaviour of biocomposite materials. Additionally, the model is numerically implemented to illustrate the deformation and bending stiffness capabilities of a motorsport monocoque chassis structure application. A micromechanics modelling combining rate-dependant constitutive laws and multi-site interactions of inclusions is developed for studying the nonlinear response of composite materials. To avoid numerical instabilities when increments of time become very small, a regulation procedure concerning the visco-plastic function is adopted in the computation of the consistent tangent modulus. Based on the Generalised Mori–Tanaka (GMT) scheme, the effective properties are obtained for the nonlinear composite. The accuracy of the model is evaluated and validated by comparison results from the open literature. Finally, the developed constitutive equations are implemented as a user-defined material UMAT in a Finite Element code, leading to an application on a bio-based composite for the bamboo/flax fibre-reinforced epoxy hybrid composite materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110562
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Early online date21 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Mar 2024

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