Morphological Transitions of Water Channels Induced by Vertical Vibrations

Paolo Sartori, Luca Bonato, Giorgio Delfitto, Matteo Pierno, Giampaolo Mistura, Ciro Semprebon, Martin Brinkmann

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Abstract

We report the results of comprehensive experiments and numerical calculations of interfacial morphologies of water confined to the hydrophilic top face of rectangular posts that is subject to vertical vibrations. In response to the mechanical driving, an initially flat liquid channel is collected into a liquid bulge that forms in the center of the rectangular post if the acceleration exceeds a certain threshold. The bulge morphology persists after the driving is switched off in agreement with the morphological bistability of static interfacial shapes on posts with large length to width ratios. In a narrow frequency band, the channel does not decay into a bulge at any acceleration amplitude, and displays irregular capillary waves and sloshing instead. On short posts, however, a liquid bulge can be dynamically sustained through vertical vibrations but quickly decays into a homogeneous channel after the external driving is stopped. To explain the dynamic bulging of the liquid interface, we propose an effective lifting force pulling on the drop's slowly moving center of mass in the presence of fast oscillation modes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12882-12888
JournalLangmuir
Volume34
Issue number43
Early online date4 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2018

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