MR-FFL: A Stratified Community-Based Mutual Reliability Framework for Fairness-Aware Federated Learning in Heterogeneous UAV Networks

Zan Zhou, Yirong Zhuang, Hongjing Li, Sizhe Huang, Shujie Yang*, Peng Guo, Lujie Zhong*, Zhenhui Yuan, Changqiao Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Fairness-aware federated learning (FFL) plays a crucial role in mitigating bias against specific demographic groups (e.g., gender, race, occupation) during collaborative training. Along with the ever-emerging new attack paradigms like gradient leakage and model poisoning, the reliability of FFL also obtains lots of research attention. Either UAV nodes or FFL aggregators could be untrusted adversaries. Although multiple security mechanisms involving encryption, obfuscation, Byzantine-robustness, and detection have been proposed, concrete to UAV networks, the majority of existing solutions are unfeasible due to high heterogeneity and limited resources among participants. Hence, in this paper, we propose mutually reliable FFL (MR-FFL), a stratified community-based framework to facilitate privacy protection (FFL aggregator’s reliability) and poisoning elimination (client nodes’ reliability) jointly for FFL in heterogeneous UAV networks. We first divide UAV nodes into both peer communities (PC) and colleague communities (CC) according to cross-participant similarity and task-oriented fitness, respectively. Thus, the arbitrarily settled learning tasks following fair principles can be efficiently completed by fine-tuned colleague communities, even in the presence of a large degree of heterogeneity among peer communities. Then, we integrate community-specific differential privacy into the MR-FFL process, to achieve privacy amplification as well as efficient and personal collaborative training at the same time. More importantly, we proposed a community-based credit evaluation to resist poisoning attacks in heterogeneous environments. The results on several standard datasets also highlight the performance of MR-Fed in terms of fairness, accuracy, and integrity jointly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Early online date25 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jan 2024

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