Multi-port coordination: Unlocking flexibility and hydrogen opportunities in green energy networks

Saman Nikkhah*, Arman Alahyari, Abbas Rabiee, Adib Allahham, Damian Giaouris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Downloads (Pure)


Seaports are responsible for consuming a large amount of energy and producing a sizeable amount of environmental emissions. However, optimal coordination and cooperation present an opportunity to transform this challenge into an opportunity by enabling flexibility in their generation and load units. This paper introduces a coordination framework for exploiting flexibility across multiple ports. The proposed method fosters cooperation between ports in achieving lower environmental emissions while leveraging flexibility to increase their revenue. This platform allows ports to participate in providing flexibility for the energy grid through the introduction of a green port-to-grid concept while optimising their cooperation. Furthermore, the proximity to offshore wind farms is considered an opportunity for the ports to investigate their role in harnessing green hydrogen. The proposed method explores the hydrogen storage capability of ports as an opportunity for increasing the techno-economic benefits, particularly through coupling them with offshore wind farms. Compared to existing literature, the proposed method enjoys a comprehensive logistics-electric model for the ports, a novel coordination framework for multi-port flexibility, and the potentials of hydrogen storage for the ports. These unique features position this paper a valuable reference for research and industry by demonstrating realistic cooperation among ports in the energy network. The simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed port flexibility coordination from both environmental and economic perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109937
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Early online date15 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Mar 2024

Cite this