Multiscale in modelling and validation for solar photovoltaics

Tareq Abu Hamed, Nadja Adamovic, Urs Aeberhard, Diego Alonso-alvarez, Zoe Amin-akhlaghi, Matthias Auf Der Maur, Neil Beattie, Nikola Bednar, Kristian Berland, Stefan Birner, Marco Califano, Ivana Capan, Bostjan Cerne, Irinela Chilibon, James. P. Connolly, Frederic Cortes Juan, Jose Coutinho, Christin David, Knut Deppert, Vesselin DonchevMarija Drev, Boukje Ehlen, Nicholas Ekins-daukes, Jacky Even, Laurentiu Fara, David Fuertes Marron, Alessio Gagliardi, Blas Garrido, Violetta Gianneta, Maria Gomes, Jean-francois Guillemoles, Mircea Guina, Janne Halme, Mateja Hocevar, Lucjan Jacak, Witold Jacak, Zoran Jaksic, Lejo K. Joseph, Spyridon Kassavetis, Vaidotas Kazukauskas, Jean-paul Kleider, Katarzyna Kluczyk, Radovan Kopecek, Ursa Opara Krasovec, Jean-louis Lazzari, Efrat Lifshitz, Martin Loncaric, Søren Peder Madsen, Antonio Marti Vega, Denis Mencaraglia, Maria E. Messing, Felipe Murphy Armando, Androula G. Nassiopoulou, Ahmed Neijm, Akos Nemcsics, Victor Neto, Laurent Pedesseau, Clas Persson, Konstantinos Petridis, Lacramioara Popescu, Georg Pucker, Jelena Radovanović, Julio C. Rimada, Mimoza Ristova, Ivana Savic, Hele Savin, Marushka Sendova-vassileva, Abdurrahman Sengul, José Silva, Ullrich Steiner, Jan Storch, Emmanuel Stratakis, Shuxia Tao, Pavel Tomanek, Stanko Tomić, Antti Tukiainen, Rasit Turan, Jose Maria Ulloa, Shengda Wang, Fatma Yuksel, Jaroslav Zadny, Javad Zarbakhsh

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Abstract

Photovoltaics is amongst the most important technologies for renewable energy sources, and plays a key role in the development of a society with a smaller environmental footprint. Key parameters for solar cells are their energy conversion efficiency, their operating lifetime, and the cost of the energy obtained from a photovoltaic system compared to other sources. The optimization of these aspects involves the exploitation of new materials and development of novel solar cell concepts and designs. Both theoretical modeling and characterization of such devices require a comprehensive view including all scales from the atomic to the macroscopic and industrial scale. The different length scales of the electronic and optical degrees of freedoms specifically lead to an intrinsic need for multiscale simulation, which is accentuated in many advanced photovoltaics concepts including nanostructured regions. Therefore, multiscale modeling has found particular interest in the photovoltaics community, as a tool to advance the field beyond its current limits. In this article, we review the field of multiscale techniques applied to photovoltaics, and we discuss opportunities and remaining challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2018

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