Mutualism in ecosystems of innovation and entrepreneurship: A bidirectional perspective on universities’ linkages

Paola Rücker Schaeffer*, Maribel Guerrero*, Bruno Brandão Fischer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The accumulation of knowledge that explains universities’ contributions to innovation and entrepreneurship’s regional eco-systems has mainly adopted a perspective based on technology transfer processes from academia to markets. Alternatively, in this study, we assume the notion of mutualism, based on the biomimetic rationale of eco-system studies that involve bidirectional flows of resources and capabilities to generate interactions and value co-creation among agents. This study theorizes about the interrelation between universities and eco-system actors in two directions: (a) universities fostering and improving eco-systems through their core activities; and (b) eco-system actors shaping capabilities and access to resources for universities. Based on the analysis of five eco-systems in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, our results underscore the existence of mutualism in the relationships established between universities and eco-system agents. The findings also highlighted implications related to the coordination of policies and the need for strategic management practices in mutualistic interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-197
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Business Research
Volume134
Early online date28 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 May 2021

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