MXene/Nitrogen‐Doped Carbon Nanosheet Scaffold Electrode toward High‐Performance Solid‐State Zinc Ion Supercapacitor

Anli Chen, Huige Wei*, Zhuojian Peng, Yuanzhe Wang, Stephen A. Akinlabi, Zhanhu Guo, Faming Gao*, Sidi Duan, Ximin He*, Chunjiang Jia, Ben Bin Xu*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

While MXene is widely used as an electrode material for supercapacitor, the intrinsic limitation of stacking caused by the interlayer van der Waals forces has yet to be overcome. In this work, a strategy is proposed to fabricate a composite scaffold electrode (MCN) by intercalating MXene with highly nitrogen‐doped carbon nanosheets (CN). The 2D structured CN, thermally converted and pickling from Zn‐hexamine (Zn‐HMT), serves as a spacer that effectively prevents the stacking of MXene and contributes to a hierarchically scaffolded structure, which is conducive to ion movement; meanwhile, the high nitrogen‐doping of CN tunes the electronic structure of MCN to facilitate charge transfer and providing additional pseudocapacitance. As a result, the MCN50 composite electrode achieves a high specific capacitance of 418.4 F g−1 at 1 A g−1. The assembled symmetric supercapacitor delivers a corresponding power density of 1658.9 W kg−1 and an energy density of 30.8 Wh kg−1. The all‐solid‐state zinc ion supercapacitor demonstrates a superior energy density of 68.4 Wh kg−1 and a power density of 403.5 W kg−1 and shows a high capacitance retention of 93% after 8000 charge‐discharge cycles. This study sheds a new light on the design and development of novel MXene‐based composite electrodes for high performance all‐solid‐state zinc ion supercapacitor.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2404011
Number of pages11
JournalSmall
Early online date12 Jun 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jun 2024

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