Nanostructured β-phase Ti–31.0Fe–9.0Sn and sub-μm structured Ti–39.3Nb–13.3Zr–10.7Ta alloys for biomedical applications: Microstructure benefits on the mechanical and corrosion performances

Anna Hynowska, Eva Pellicer, Jordina Fornell, Sergio Gonzalez Sanchez, Nele van Steenberge, Santiago Suriñach, Annett Gebert, Mariana Calin, Jürgen Eckert, Maria Baró, Jordi Sort

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52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanostructured Ti–31.0Fe–9.0Sn and sub-micrometer structured Ti–39.3Nb–13.3Zr–10.7Ta (wt.%) β-type alloys, exhibiting different microstructures and dissimilar mechanical properties, have been prepared by copper mold casting. The microstructure, mechanical behavior and corrosion resistance, in simulated body fluid, of both alloys have been investigated and compared to those of commercial Ti–6Al–4V. Nanoindentation experiments reveal that the Ti–31.0Fe–9.0Sn rods exhibit very large hardness (H ≈ 9 GPa) and high Young's modulus. Conversely, the Ti–39.3Nb–13.3Zr–10.7Ta alloy is mechanically softer but it is interesting for biomedical application because of its rather low Young's modulus (E ≈ 71 GPa). Concerning the corrosion performance, Ti–35Nb–7Zr–5Ta shows a corrosion behavior comparable to Ti–Al6–V4, with no potential breakdown up to 0.4 V vs. Ag|AgCl. On the contrary, the Ti–31.0Fe–9.0Sn alloy exhibits a more anodic corrosion potential, but the value is still less negative than for pure elemental Fe and Ti. From all these properties and because of the absence of toxic elements in the compositions, the Ti–39.3Nb–13.3Zr–10.7Ta and Ti–31.0Fe–9.0Sn alloys are attractive for use as metallic biomaterials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2418-2425
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

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