Near Infrared Phosphorescent Dinuclear Ir(III) Complex Exhibiting Unusually Slow Intersystem Crossing and Dual Emissive Behavior

Marsel Z. Shafikov, Andrey Zaytsev, Alfiya F. Suleymanova, Fabian Brandl, Aleksandra Kowalczyk, Magdalena Gapińska, Konrad Kowalski, Valery N. Kozhevnikov, Rafał Czerwieniec

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A dinuclear iridium(III) complex IrIr shows dual emission consisting of near infrared (NIR) phosphorescence (λmax = 714 nm, CH2Cl2, T = 300 K) and green fluorescence (λmax = 537 nm). The NIR emission stems from a triplet state (T1) localized on the ditopic bridging ligand (3LC). Because of the dinuclear molecular structure, the phosphorescence efficiency (φPL = 3.5%) is high compared to those of other known red/NIR-emitting iridium complexes. The weak fluorescence stems from the lowest excited singlet state (S1) of 1LC character. The occurrence of fluorescence is ascribed to relatively slow intersystem crossing (ISC) from state S1 (1LC) to the triplet manifold. The measured ISC rate corresponds to a time constant τISC of 2.1 ps, which is an order of magnitude longer than those usually found for iridium complexes. This slow ISC rate can be explained in terms of the LC character and large energy separation (0.57 eV) of the respective singlet and triplet excited states. IrIr is internalized by live HeLa cells as evidenced by confocal luminescence microscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5849-5855
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume11
Issue number15
Early online date3 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2020

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