Neural-network-based flush air data sensing system demonstrated on a mini air vehicle

Ihab Samy, Ian Postlethwaite, Da-Wei Gu, John Green

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Flush air data sensing systems have been widely applied to large (manned) aircraft, where pressure orifices are typically located at the nosetip. This paper investigates the feasibility of a flush air data sensing system designed to estimate the air data states of a small unmanned air vehicle flown at speeds as low as Mach 0.07. Furthermore, due to the presence of a nose propeller, the pressure orifices are located at the wing leading edge. The motivation behind this project is the fact that traditional air data booms are physically impractical for small unmanned air vehicles. Overall, an 80 and 97% reduction in instrumentation weight and cost, respectively, were achieved. Both parametric and multilayer perceptron neural network models have been previously applied in the literature to model the aerodynamic relationship between aircraft surface pressure and the air data states. In this paper, an extended minimum resource allocating network radial basis function neural network is used as the flush air data sensing system model, due to its good generalization capabilities and compact structure. Computational fluid dynamic simulations are implemented to identify the ideal pressure port locations, and wind-tunnel tests are carried out to train and test the extended minimum resource allocating network radial basis function neural network.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)18-31
    JournalJournal of Aircraft
    Volume47
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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