Web crippling failure governs the behavior of thin cold-formed steel lipped channel beams (LCBs) used in floor systems. This paper describes a numerical modeling–based research study undertaken to investigate the web crippling behavior of LCBs under one-flange load cases and to develop improved design equations for possible inclusion in the cold-formed steel design standards. Finite-element models were developed to simulate the web crippling behavior of LCBs and their accuracy was verified using 36 web crippling tests of LCBs conducted under one-flange load cases using the new standard test method. A detailed numerical parametric study was then undertaken to investigate the web crippling behavior of LCBs using the verified finite element models of LCBs. This numerical parametric study provided an extensive web crippling capacity database and improved the understanding of the effects of key web crippling parameters such as inside bent radius, bearing length, and yield stress on the web crippling capacity. Using these results, new and improved web crippling design equations were proposed in this paper for LCBs under one-flange load cases. They include both unified web crippling equations and the direct strength method–based equations. This paper demonstrated the improved accuracy of the proposed equations and their potential for inclusion in the cold-formed steel design standards.
|Journal||Journal of Structural Engineering|
|Early online date||16 Jul 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2019|