Numerical Modeling and Design of Lipped Channel Beams Subject to Web Crippling under One-Flange Load Cases

Lavan Sundararajah, Mahen Mahendran, Keerthan Poologanathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Web crippling failure governs the behavior of thin cold-formed steel lipped channel beams (LCBs) used in floor systems. This paper describes a numerical modeling–based research study undertaken to investigate the web crippling behavior of LCBs under one-flange load cases and to develop improved design equations for possible inclusion in the cold-formed steel design standards. Finite-element models were developed to simulate the web crippling behavior of LCBs and their accuracy was verified using 36 web crippling tests of LCBs conducted under one-flange load cases using the new standard test method. A detailed numerical parametric study was then undertaken to investigate the web crippling behavior of LCBs using the verified finite element models of LCBs. This numerical parametric study provided an extensive web crippling capacity database and improved the understanding of the effects of key web crippling parameters such as inside bent radius, bearing length, and yield stress on the web crippling capacity. Using these results, new and improved web crippling design equations were proposed in this paper for LCBs under one-flange load cases. They include both unified web crippling equations and the direct strength method–based equations. This paper demonstrated the improved accuracy of the proposed equations and their potential for inclusion in the cold-formed steel design standards.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04019094
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Volume145
Issue number10
Early online date16 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

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