Observational signatures of the coronal kink instability with thermal conduction

Gert Botha, Tony Arber, Abhishek Srivastava

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Abstract

It is known from numerical simulations that thermal conduction along magnetic field lines plays an important role in the evolution of the kink instability in coronal loops. This study presents the observational signatures of the kink instability in long coronal loops when parallel thermal conduction is included. The 3D nonlinear magnetohydrodynamic equations are solved numerically to simulate the evolution of a coronal loop that is initially in an unstable equilibrium. The loop has length 80 Mm, width 8 Mm and an initial maximum twist of Φ = 11:5 π, where Φ is a function of the radius. The initial loop parameters are obtained from a highly twisted loop observed in the TRACE 171 A waveband. Synthetic observables are generated from the data. These observables include spatial and temporal averaging to account for the resolution and exposure times of TRACE images. Parallel thermal conduction reduces the maximum local temperature by up to an order of magnitude. This means that different spectral lines are formed and different internal loop structures are visible with or without the inclusion of thermal conduction. However, the response functions sample a broad range of temperatures. The result is that the inclusion of parallel thermal conductivity does not have as large an impact on observational signatures as the order of magnitude reduction in the maximum temperature would suggest; the net effect is a blurring of internal features of the loop structure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume745
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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