Observations of Nonthermal Velocities and Comparisons with an Alfvén Wave Turbulence Model in Solar Active Regions

M. Asgari-Targhi, D. H. Brooks, M. Hahn, S. Imada, E. Tajfirouze, D. W. Savin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a study of spectral line width measurements from the Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode. We used spectral line profiles of Fe xvi 262.984 Å, Fe xiv 264.787 Å, Fe xiv 270.519 Å, Fe xiv 274.203 Å, and Fe xv 284.160 Å, and studied 11 active regions. Previous studies of spectral line widths have shown that in hot loops in the cores of active regions, the observed nonthermal velocities are smaller than predicted from models of reconnection jets in the corona or shock heating associated with Alfvén waves. The observed line widths are also inconsistent with models of chromospheric evaporation due to coronal nanoflares. We show that recent advances in higher resolution Alfvén wave turbulence modeling enables us to obtain nonthermal velocities similar to those measured in active regions. The observed nonthermal velocities for the 11 active regions in our study are in the range of 17–30 km s−1, consistent with the spectral line nonthermal widths predicted from our model of 16 interacting flux tubes, which are in the range of 15–37 km s−1.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7
Number of pages19
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2024

Cite this