Oil price shocks and their consequences on Sudan's GDP growth and unemployment rates

Elsiddig Rahma, Noel Perera, Kian Tan

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Abstract

Since the advent of oil production and export in late 1999, Sudan economy became more reliant on oil exports proceeds. This situation has exposed the economy to the negative effect of oil price fluctuations. In general, oil exporting countries exhibit positive impact on their economy to oil price increase, while oil importing economies suffer. Unlike developing economies, there is a paucity of research in developing countries with regards to the relationship between the macro-economy and oil price shocks. In this regard, Sudan has been neglected from serious studies related to oil price shocks. This research attempts to contribute towards filling this gap. In doing so, Vector Auto-Regression model is employed to investigate the impact of oil price shocks on the real GDP growth and unemployment rates over the period 2000 - 2014. The Granger causality test suggests that unemployment has statistically and significantly influenced real GDP growth. Results from the Impulse Response Functions and Forecast Error Variance Decomposition analysis suggest that increase in real oil price has greater influence on GDP growth. Interestingly, real oil price decrease has a significant positive impact on unemployment rate.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2016
Event21st International Academic Conference - Miami
Duration: 10 Feb 2016 → …
http://www.iises.net/proceedings/international-academic-conference-proceedings

Conference

Conference21st International Academic Conference
Period10/02/16 → …
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