Open communication strategies between a triad of ‘experts’ facilitates Death in Usual Place of Residence: A realist evaluation

Sonia Dalkin, Monique Lhussier, Anna Jones, Pete Philipson, William Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: In order to meet policy drivers on death in usual place of residence, it is key to understand how shared decision making can be facilitated in practice. An Integrated Care Pathway was implemented in primary care in the North East of England to facilitate Death in Usual Place of Residence.

Aim: To understand how, for whom and in which circumstances Death in Usual Place of Residence is facilitated.

Design: A mixed methods realist evaluation was used. Local primary care practice death audit data was analysed to identify outcomes using a mixed effects logistic regression model. Focus groups and interviews with staff of the Integrated Care Pathway and bereaved relatives were analysed to identify the related context and mechanism.

Setting/participants: Death audit data of 4,182 patients was readily available from 14 GP practices. Three focus groups were conducted with primary and secondary care staff, voluntary sector organisations and care home representatives. Interviews with bereaved relatives were carried out in the participants’ home (n=5).

Results: A mixed effects logistic regression model indicated that a significant effect of year on Death in Usual Place of Residence when compared to a model without year using an analysis of deviance (p = 0.016). Qualitative analysis suggested that this outcome was achieved when a triad of ‘experts’ (comprised of the patient, family members/family carers/formal carers and health care professionals) utilised open communication strategies.

Conclusions: An empirically supported theory of how, for whom and in which circumstances Death in Usual Place of Residence happens is provided, which has important implications for both policy and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-989
JournalPalliative Medicine
Volume32
Issue number5
Early online date5 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

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